TOEFL Vocabulary Words: How to Use Root Words and Affixes to Your Advantage

Welcome to “The TOEFL Vocabulary Words: How to Use Root Words and Affixes to Your Advantage”! The TOEFL, or Test of English as a Foreign Language, is a widely-recognized language proficiency test that measures a non-native English speaker’s ability to use and understand the English language in an academic setting. A strong vocabulary is an essential part of doing well on the TOEFL, and one effective way to build your vocabulary is by studying root words and affixes.

What are Roots Words?

Root words are the core of a word and often carry the main meaning. They are the basis of a word and cannot be broken down into smaller parts. Root words can be stand-alone words or they can be combined with affixes (prefixes or suffixes) to form new words.

For example, the root word “tract,” meaning “to draw or drag,” can be combined with the prefix “re-” (meaning “again”) to form the word “retract,” which means “to draw or drag back.” The root word “ject,” meaning “to throw,” can be combined with the suffix “-ion” (meaning “the act of”) to form the word “ejection,” which means “the act of throwing out.”

By understanding the meaning of root words, you can often deduce the meaning of new words that contain that root. This can be a helpful strategy for building your vocabulary and doing well on the TOEFL or other language proficiency tests.

What are Affixes?

Affixes are word elements that are added to the beginning (prefixes) or the end (suffixes) of root words to change their meaning or function. Affixes can be added to root words to create new words, or they can be added to existing words to modify their meaning.

Prefixes are affixes that are added to the beginning of root words. Some common prefixes include “un-” (meaning “not” or “opposite of”), “re-” (meaning “again” or “back”), “dis-” (meaning “not” or “opposite of”), and “in-” (meaning “not” or “opposite of”). For example, the prefix “un-” can be added to the root word “happy” to form the word “unhappy,” which means “not happy.”

Suffixes are affixes that are added to the end of root words. Some common suffixes include

“-able” (meaning “able to be”),

“-ment” (meaning “the act of”),

“-ness” (meaning “state of”),

“-ion” (meaning “the act of”).

For example, the suffix “-ness” can be added to the root word “happy” to form the word “happiness,” which means “the state of being happy.”

See also  TOEFL Vocabulary: Tips and Tricks for Building Your Word Bank

By understanding the meaning and function of affixes, you can effectively deduce the meaning of new words and expand your vocabulary. This can be a helpful strategy for building your vocabulary and doing well on the TOEFL.

The benefits of studying root words and affixes for the TOEFL

There are several benefits to studying root words and affixes for the TOEFL. First and foremost, understanding root words and affixes can help you deduce the meaning of new words that you encounter. This is especially useful for the TOEFL, as a strong vocabulary is an essential part of doing well on the test.

In addition to helping you understand new words, studying root words and affixes can also help you improve your reading comprehension. By understanding the meanings of root words and affixes, you’ll be able to better understand the meaning of longer, more complex words that you encounter in your reading. This can help you more easily understand the overall meaning of a passage and do better on the TOEFL reading comprehension section.

Another benefit of studying root words and affixes is that it can help you improve your writing skills. By understanding the meanings of root words and affixes, you’ll be able to expand your vocabulary and use more precise, specific language in your writing. This can help you score higher on the TOEFL writing section and communicate more effectively in general.

TOEFL Vocabulary Words: How to Use Root Words and Affixes to Your Advantage

TOEFL Vocabulary Words

There are several ways you can incorporate root words and affixes into your TOEFL vocabulary study. Here are a few tips and strategies to get you started:

  • Start by learning the most common root words and affixes. There are many lists available online that outline the most common root words and affixes in English. Familiarize yourself with these, as they will likely come up frequently on the TOEFL.
  • Practice breaking down words into their root words and affixes. This will help you understand the meanings of new words and deduce the meanings of more complex words.
  • Use flashcards to help you memorize root words and affixes. Write the root word or affix on one side of the card and the meaning on the other side. Quiz yourself regularly to help reinforce your knowledge.
  • Use root words and affixes in your own writing and speaking. This will help you internalize their meanings and use them more naturally in your communication.
  • Incorporate root words and affixes into your TOEFL practice exercises. This will help you get comfortable using them in the context of the test.
See also  Maximizing Your TOEFL Study Time: Tips and Tricks

Common prefixes and their meanings

Here are some common prefixes and their meanings to get you started:

Un-: meaning “not” or “opposite of” (e.g. “unhappy,” meaning “not happy”)
Re-: meaning “again” or “back” (e.g. “refund,” meaning “to give back money”)
Dis-: meaning “not” or “opposite of” (e.g. “disagree,” meaning “to not agree”)
In-: meaning “not” or “opposite of” (e.g. “invisible,” meaning “not visible”)
Im-: meaning “not” or “opposite of” (e.g. “impossible,” meaning “not possible”)
Mis-: meaning “wrong” or “incorrect” (e.g. “misunderstand,” meaning “to not understand correctly”)
Pre-: meaning “before” (e.g. “prepay,” meaning “to pay before”)
Pro-: meaning “for” or “in favor of” (e.g. “proactive,” meaning “taking action in advance”)

These are just a few examples of common prefixes. There are many more prefixes in English, and it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with as many as possible to expand your vocabulary and do well on the TOEFL.

Common suffixes and their meanings

Here are some common suffixes and their meanings to get you started:

-able: meaning “able to be” (e.g. “enjoyable,” meaning “able to be enjoyed”)
-ment: meaning “the act of” (e.g. “enjoyment,” meaning “the act of enjoying”)
-ness: meaning “state of” (e.g. “happiness,” meaning “the state of being happy”)
-ion: meaning “the act of” (e.g. “ejection,” meaning “the act of throwing out”)
-ty: meaning “state or quality of” (e.g. “certainty,” meaning “the state of being certain”)
-er: meaning “one who” (e.g. “teacher,” meaning “one who teaches”)
-or: meaning “one who” (e.g. “actor,” meaning “one who acts”)

Again, these are just a few examples of common suffixes. There are many more suffixes in English, and it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with as many as possible to expand your vocabulary and do well on the TOEFL.

See also  10 Essential TOEFL Words to Learn

See also: 10 Essential TOEFL Words to Learn

Practice exercises for building your root word and affix knowledge

Here are a few practice exercises you can try to help you build your knowledge of root words and affixes:

  • Break down words into their root words and affixes. For example, if you come across the word “unhappy,” you can break it down into the root word “happy” and the prefix “un-,” which means “not.”
  • Create flashcards with root words and affixes. On one side of the card, write the root word or affix, and on the other side, write the meaning. Quiz yourself regularly to help reinforce your knowledge.
  • Practice using root words and affixes in your own writing and speaking. This will help you internalize their meanings and use them more naturally in your communication.
  • Incorporate root words and affixes into your TOEFL practice exercises. This will help you get comfortable using them in the context of the test. For example, try completing sentences with the appropriate root word or affix, or identifying the root word or affix in a given word. You can also try creating sentences using new words that you’ve learned through your study of root words and affixes.
TOEFL Vocabulary Words

Conclusion: The importance of root words and affixes in TOEFL vocabulary building

In conclusion, root words and affixes are an important part of the English language and can be a useful strategy for building your vocabulary and doing well on language proficiency tests like the TOEFL. By understanding the meanings of root words and how affixes alter them, you can effectively deduce the meaning of new words and expand your vocabulary. Incorporating root words and affixes into your TOEFL vocabulary study can help you improve your reading comprehension, writing skills, and overall language ability. By practicing and reinforcing your knowledge of root words and affixes through various exercises and methods, you can give yourself a “TOEFL vocab boost” and improve your chances of success on the test.

Musa Abiodun
Musa Abiodun
Articles: 56

Leave a Reply